Letters Home from the Brothertown Boys Andrea R. Brucker

ISBN: 9781463405434

Published: June 3rd 2011

Hardcover

304 pages


Description

Letters Home from the Brothertown Boys  by  Andrea R. Brucker

Letters Home from the Brothertown Boys by Andrea R. Brucker
June 3rd 2011 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, ZIP | 304 pages | ISBN: 9781463405434 | 7.67 Mb

This book is about the educated Brothertown Indian men who fought in the Civil War and wrote letters home telling of this horrible war. American Indians, who despite the guarantees from the United States, found that same government continuallyMoreThis book is about the educated Brothertown Indian men who fought in the Civil War and wrote letters home telling of this horrible war. American Indians, who despite the guarantees from the United States, found that same government continually stripping them of their lands.

And, still, they rushed to volunteer their services to defend the Union.The Brothertown Indian Nation is unique from many other tribes in that they are an amalgamated group. They are made up of remnants of the coastal tribes who made the first contact with the whites.

As a result of the Great Awakening, a religious movement in New England during the 1740s, many Indian people in southern New England converted to Christianity, including the Mohegan, Pequot, Narragansett, Montauk, Tunxis, and Niantic. As these people tried to live Christian lives in New England, they found it difficult to resist the pressures from whites around them who encouraged them to abuse alcohol, give up farming and sell their lands. By the 1700s, the tribes were poverty stricken, decimated by wars and disease.A small group of young Natives, educated at Eleazer Wheelocks Indian Charity School in Lebanon, Connecticut, became the impetus for forming a new community where they might live amicably together.

On November 7, 1784 the band of Christian New England Indians settled on lands given to them by the Oneida Nation in New York and called their Town by the Name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyam qittoowauconnuck.However, by the early 1800s, they began to feel the demands from white settlers for more land.

In the end, they left their New York homelands for less coveted lands in Wisconsin. The tribe was hardly settled in its new location, having been pressured out of New York and pushed off its land at Kaukauna, when a new threat appeared.

The federal government entered into negotiations with the tribes in New York and Wisconsin to exchange their land in Wisconsin for land in Indian Territory. Andrew Jackson, called Sharp Knife by the Indians, had long fought the Indians of the southeast. He believed that the Indians and white settlers could never learn to live together peacefully. His solution to this was to renege on all of the treaties made between tribes and the federal government, which had granted the Indians their lands forever, and to move all Indians west of the Mississippi River. The tribes one, and possibly only, protection against this was to secure land in the same manner as the property of non-Indians-through private ownership.

By a perversity of law, as long as the land was held in trust by the federal government, common and inalienable, it was subject to loss by government action. In an effort to remain on the new lands in Wisconsin the Brothertown headmen requested a Congressional Act that would divide the lands into individually owned plots and grant Brothertown tribal members United States citizenship.

They were officially granted citizenship in 1839.



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